Economic Regulator, Competition and Access Sub-area NPA logo with link NPA logo with link

Economic Regulator, Competition and Access Sub-area

About this Sub-Area

This Sub-area includes:

  • matters concerning anti-competitive conduct, including:
    • civil cartel matters
    • mergers
    • misuse of market power
    • exclusive dealing
  • competition actions by the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC)
  • infrastructure access and regulatory pricing matters.

It can be a fine distinction between matters in this NPA and matters in other Commercial and Corporations Sub-areas, such as the Commercial Contracts, Banking, Finance and Insurance Sub-area and the Corporations and Corporate Insolvency Sub-area. Which Sub-area a matter is commenced in may be determined by the nature of the character of the matter, the relief sought and the legislation relied upon.

Economic regulators

Generally, actions in this Sub-area are commenced by economic regulators, such as the:

The Commonwealth can also bring an action, or be a party to an economic regulator matter.

Australian Competition Tribunal

The Tribunal was created in 1966 as the Trade Practices Tribunal. It was renamed the Australian Competition Tribunal in 1995. The Court provides operational support for the Australian Competition Tribunal, including providing registry support for the tribunal.

If a matter relates to a decision of the Australian Competition Tribunal, then the matter may be commenced in the Court as a judicial review application. For more information about the Tribunal including its members, decisions and practice directions, visit the Australian Competition Tribunal’s website.

Practice Notes

All practice notes are to be read with the Central Practice Note.  It is the essential guide to practice in the Federal Court in all proceedings.

The NPA practice note sets out the arrangements for the management of Commercial and Corporations proceedings in this Sub-area:

NPA Practice Note:

Other practice notes and Court developed guides which may be relevant to this Sub-area include:

General Practice Notes:


Forms, Rules & Fees

Filing fees for commencing a proceeding in this Sub-area may apply. Information about Court fees, including the fees payable and circumstances where an exemption or deferral can be given is available in Forms, Fees & Costs or from the Registry.

The forms used in this Sub-area will depend on the legislation relied upon – which will depend on the conduct involved and relief sought. Generally a matter may be commenced in this Sub-area by filing:


These applications should be supported by one of the following Federal Court forms:


Parties should consider whether it is necessary to file a Genuine steps statements (Form 16) in certain proceedings in this NPA - see Rule 8.02 of the Rules and the Civil Dispute Resolution Act 2011 (Cth) (including sections 6, 7 and 16).

Judicial review applications

Additionally, in this Sub-area, a person may, where a person is aggrieved by a decision that the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 (Cth) (ADJR Act) applies, apply for a judicial review under section 5 of the ADJR Act by filing:

  • Form 66 - Originating application for judicial review
  • Form 59 - Affidavit
  • An ADJR Act application must be filed within 28 days from notification of the decision or of the reasons for the decision (whichever is later).

Latest Judgments

  • 13 Feb 2019: Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Cryosite Limited [2019] FCA 116
    COMPETITION - cartel conduct - restricting or limiting supply - market sharing - contract containing a cartel provision - conduct giving effect to cartel provision - pecuniary penalty
    Judge: Beach J
  • 7 Feb 2019: B&K Holdings (Qld) Pty Ltd v Garmin Australasia Pty Ltd [2019] FCA 64
    PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE - respondent's application for summary judgment - applicant's application for leave to amend statement of claim - application of summary judgment principles in competition law context - whether insufficient evidence for reasonable prospects of success at trial COMPETITION - misuse of market power - predatory pricing -…
    Judge: Derrington J
  • 12 Nov 2018: Obeid v Australian Competition and Consumer Commission [2018] FCA 1713
    PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE - application for leave to appeal - where primary judge dismissed application for interim suppression order - orders of primary judge not attended by sufficient doubt to warrant grant of leave to appeal - application dismissed
    Judge: Jagot J
  • 9 Nov 2018: Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Westpac Banking Corporation (No 3) [2018] FCA 1701
    CORPORATIONS - Pecuniary penalty - declarations of contraventions - compliance program - bank bill market - trading in prime bank bills - Bank Bill Swap Reference rate (BBSW) - bank accepted bill futures - interest rate swaps - cross-currency swaps - market manipulation - artificial price in traded BBSW referenced products - financial market -… 131 ACSR 585
    Judge: Beach J
  • 24 Oct 2018: Flogineering Pty Ltd v Blu Logistics SA Pty Ltd (No 2) [2018] FCA 1607
    PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE - consideration of the final form of the relief to be granted arising out of the trial of the separate questions consequent upon the Judgment published in relation to the separate questions described as Flogineering Pty Ltd v Blu Logistics SA Pty Ltd [2018] FCA 1479
    Judge: Greenwood J
  • 28 Sep 2018: Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Oakmoore Pty Ltd [2018] FCA 1472
    COMPETITION - collusive arrangement - exclusive dealing - admitted contraventions of ss 47 and 76 of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (Cth) - enforcement and remedies - application for agreed declarations, pecuniary penalties and non-punitive orders - whether proposed declarations, penalties and orders appropriate - consideration of…
    Judge: Logan J
  • 28 Sep 2018: Flogineering Pty Ltd v Blu Logistics SA Pty Ltd [2018] FCA 1479
    PRIMARY INDUSTRY – consideration of the regulatory arrangements established under the National Measurement Act 1960 (Cth) concerning the approval of a pattern (design) for a milk flowmetering system for the accurate measurement of the transfer of milk from the refrigerated vat on a dairy farm to a transport tanker and from the tanker to the…
    Judge: Greenwood Acj
  • 20 Aug 2018: Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Cascade Coal Pty Ltd (No 4) [2018] FCA 1243
    PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE - whether the Court should make an order pursuant to ss 37AE, 37AF and 37AG of the Federal Court of Australia Act 1976 (Cth) suppressing part of the Court's Reasons for Judgment in support of a final order dismissing the whole of the present proceeding on the ground that such an order is necessary to prevent prejudice to the …
    Judge: Foster J
  • 13 Aug 2018: Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Pacific National Pty Ltd [2018] FCA 1221
    PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE - mandatory interlocutory injunction - competition law - intermodal and steel rail linehaul services - interstate market - Queensland market - principal understanding - provisions with purpose or likely effect of substantially lessening competition - acquisition or control of Queensland rail terminal - contraventions of ss…
    Judge: Beach J
  • 13 Aug 2018: Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Oakmoore Pty Ltd [2018] FCA 1169
    COMPETITION - collusive arrangement - exclusive dealing - third respondent admitted to contraventions of ss 45 and 47 of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (Cth) - seventh respondent admitted to being directly and knowingly concerned in third respondent's contraventions within meaning of s 76(1)(e) of the Act - enforcement and remedies -…
    Judge: Gleeson J


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Important note: This information is procedural advice only. You should seek your own legal advice about legal cases and procedure in the Federal Court and in this area of law.